What is ovulation?
The process of releasing an egg from your ovary during your menstrual cycle, beginning after attaining puberty, is called ovulation. When the fertility experts talk about the ovulatory cycle, they are actually referring to your menstrual cycle. When your egg gets released from the ovaries, it is called Ovulatory Cycle and if the egg does not get released, the series is called Anovulatory Cycle.
The egg, thus released during your periods, has likelihood of getting fertilized if a sperm living in the semen is able to penetrate it. The fertilized egg becomes an embryo (the earliest stage of a baby). And, Lo, you are pregnant!
Fertility and ovulation
Fertility and ovulation have a direct relationship. Your most fertile days are two or three days before you ovulate. That means if you establish intimate copulation with your partner just two or three days before your ovulation, there are increased chances of you getting pregnant.
When the ovaries do not succeed in developing a mature egg, you have an ovulation problem, also called anovulation. In other words, your ovaries fail to release an oocyte. Some people might think that a lady who does not ovulate during every menstrual cycle is going through menopause. No, it is not so. Chronic anovulation has been yet another cause of infertility.
Probable causes of anovulation (Ovulation problems)
Given below the list of likely causes of woman’s failure to ovulate:
- The women, these days, are exceedingly becoming career-oriented. In their pursuit of managing household and office, they remain extra stressful. This greatly affects their regular ovulation.
- Losing weight is trendy and many women blindly follow the path even until anorexia. And, later, to regain health, they start eating extra. This all leads to frequent weight fluctuations of their body. Maintaining healthy weight helps women ovulate regularly.
- Lack of nutrition is another cause for anovulation. The working women’s dependence on fast foods leads to lack of nutrition and, thus, sometimes cause a problem with ovulation.
- Unusually light or heavy menstrual bleeding also sometimes leads to ovulatory failure.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a serious cause of anovulation. In this condition, the women develop an imbalance in hormones. And, this imbalance in hormones leads to the growth of small cysts in their ovaries. These cysts may not be harmful, but they certainly aggravate the hormonal imbalance.
- Overexertion is another cause for anovulation. Sportswomen experience more of anovulatory cycles. A dynamic exercise program or hectic lifestyle does affect hormones.
- Have you been using “The Pill” or “The Shot” to avoid pregnancy? Use of both these drugs is actually inducing anovulation chemicals. The prolonged use of these drugs seriously affects your ovulation.
Possible symptoms of Anovulation:
- Irregular or absence of periods
- Abnormally light or heavy menstrual bleeding
- Absence of premenstrual symptoms such as breast tenderness and swelling
Possible solutions for Anovulation:
- Manage your body weight. You should neither be lean nor fat
- Fertility Drugs do help (with or without artificial insemination)
- Go in for in vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Refrain from drinking alcohol and smoking
Success rate estimations:
If you combine the artificial insemination and fertility drugs to induce egg production, the pregnancy per cycle is somewhere between 10 to 20 percent.
- If you are 34 or younger, chances of your giving a birth to a baby: 41%
- Between 35 to 37, the chances are 31%
- Between the age 38 and 40, 22% and
- Between 41 and 42, the chances are only 12%
These estimations should not frighten you. There are other factors also that contribute to IVF success rate. And, the New Life India Clinic is committed to giving a higher rate of success.