Ovarian Cysts

Are ovarian cysts harmless or risky? Usually, the answer is “harmless”.  Some cysts that may develop on your ovaries affect the health of your fertility and reduce the chances of attaining pregnancy. If combined with fertility medicines, they may pose serious risks to your health. Mostly, ovarian cysts are not a reason to worry about.

Ovarian cysts are sacs that have fluid and develop on your ovaries. And, they are commonly found, but you may not realize that you have them. They come to notice only in routine ultrasound checkups.

Ovarian cysts usually develop in your reproductive age. That is when the hormones in your ovaries are in full swing, busily developing an egg every month, which is released in the middle of your menstrual cycle but sending down the Fallopian tubes packing.

But, at times, the egg does not get released. Or the follicle containing the egg does not get dissolved as it ought to. The sign of the most common cyst of the ovaries is follicular (functional) cyst. It normally does not require treatment and disappears on its own. And, it does not hinder in attaining pregnancy. It is reasonable and sensible to get your ovaries examined regularly. That meant regular scanning and monitoring helps in diagnosing ovarian issues.

Ovarian cysts, at times, may bleed or get ruptured. That is perhaps the time when you may notice them or get symptoms. In case of pain in your back or the lower abdomen, consulting your doctor is advised for ruling out the even the remote chance of ovarian cancer. Other alarming symptoms are abnormal menstruation, weight loss, and indigestion, besides urination issues.

But you do not need to be in panic. Those signs do not necessarily indicate ovarian cancer.  Most likely you have harmless cysts creating mess with your ovaries. Big cysts cause bigger issues, particularly if they cause hindrances in the ovarian blood flow. In such a case, surgery becomes necessary.

Other kinds of ovarian cysts comprise the luteal cysts. They are known as a secondary type of functional cysts.  They are not clear fluid but full of blood. Also, there are a dermoid cysts, originated out of the cells that create female’s eggs. You will be excited to know that dermoid cysts have fluid, blood and bone and hair particles.  Lastly, there are cystadenomas cysts that get formed from the exterior cells of the ovaries. Mucinous cystadenomas cysts need to be cared for. Their size if quite large and may exert pressure on bowel and the bladder.

As some of the cysts may appear to be unpleasant and scary, mostly ovarian cysts are trouble-free and benign. But they need to be watched out in case you have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) or endometriosis. Endometriosis may cause cysts on the ovaries known as endometriomas that are filled with blood cells. These are similar to endometriosis itself and may affect fertility. They are, at times, known as chocolate cysts because they have a color and consistency of creamy substance within them.

PCOS is caused by a bunch of cysts from many undersized and immature follicle sacs. These cysts may also cause fertility issues. And, influenced by IVF medicines, such as Gonal-F and Menopur, the PCOS may, at times, cause OHSS, which is known to be a potentially grave condition.

If you are afflicted with PCOS and wish to have a baby with your own eggs through IVF, your fertility clinic is required to carefully plan your treatment, like: fertility drugs and follicle monitoring. PCOS cysts are considered to be most dangerous of all the cysts.

A majority of the ovarian cysts are harmless. And, a minority may require medical intervention. Hence, it is pertinent to go through a trans-vaginal scanning every year.

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