The consequences of alcohol on fertility are higher than you may even assume. The use of alcohol, even moderately, may decrease your fertility. The use of beverages having alcohol is well accepted all over the world. However, it has become a trend in the younger generation in India. The females, who faced the use of alcohol as a social taboo in the country once, are liberally participating in lavish parties and watering holes.
As infertility is on the increasing trend in India, we may have to wonder in case regular consumption of alcohol is contributing to this issue. We all are aware that the use of heavy drinking increases the risk of all kinds of health issues.
But what if you are a moderate drinker and have been taking 5 or lesser amounts of drinks in a week?
Researchers believe that even females who consume five drinks or less confronted the decreased fertility. Lest you lapse into the infertility-related depression, here is good news for you. The alcohol consumption moderately does not affect the time period in getting pregnant, in case a couple desires to have a baby. But the couples, who happen to be drinking 5 drinks or more, of course, take longer in achieving pregnancy.
According to a study that took more than three years conducted on 430 couples between the age of 20 and 35, revealed that the females who were drinking 5 or lesser drinks a week had decreased fertility.
After a follow-up of six cycles, nearly 64 percent females who consumed five or lesser number of alcoholic drinks achieved pregnancy as compared to 55 percent of females who were consuming more drinks than 5 beverages in a week. The study did not talk about males having decreased fertility and the number of alcohol beverages consumption also did not matter.
In a stark contrast to this study, the revelations of a fresher study published in Fertility and Sterility, was centered on male fertility. It revealed that the males who were regularly indulging in alcohol drinking had decreased sperm accumulation and their motility in their semen. With this, they had a lesser probability of fertilizing a female egg.
Significant revelations by several studies on the Alcohol Consumption and Fertility
Both males and females should refrain from consuming alcohol in case they are trying to achieve pregnancy.
Females, who indulge in alcohol drinking more than five beverages in a week, take longer time in achieving pregnancy.
The females, who consume five or less alcohol drinks in a week, have decreased fertility.
The females who have been rendered infertile and seeking medical aid for the fertility issues have been found to be consuming higher amount of alcohol as compared to the females who achieve pregnancy naturally.
In males having poor quality of sperm, unrestricted use of alcohol was linked to high count of abnormal sperm (morphology).
Alcohol is made out of sugary elements. Sugar consumption in excess lowers fertility by causing decreased immunity, mineral and vitamin deficiency, insulin resistance, moreover, imbalanced hormones and yeast infection. All of these lead to impairing fertility in both females and males.
Consumption of alcohol beverages about the ovulation time decreases the probability of achieving pregnancy.
Effect of Alcohol on Women Fertility
Many studies performed on rats and monkeys revealed that alcohol consumption caused multiple issues in their fertility. They included:
- Decreased hormonal concentrations
- Inhibited Ovulation or anovulation
- Decreased Ovarian weight
- Obstructed sperm movement via the Fallopian tube
- Amenorrhea (Absent or delayed menstrual cycle)
Experiments involving human revealed that regular consumption of alcohol by females increased prevalence of menstrual disorders like:
- Painful menstruation (Dysmennorrhea)
- Absence/Delay of Menstrual Cycle (amenorrhea)
- Irregular periods
Regular Alcohol Consumption Risks in Pregnancy
It is a well established fact that females, who indulge in alcohol drinking during pregnancy, make their baby vulnerable to health issues majorly. Alcohol consumption in excess all through the pregnancy period may lead to birth defects in the offspring. The condition is known as teratogenic and may result in (FAS) fetal alcohol syndrome. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy period may add to the risks of stillbirth, placental abruption, premature labor and delivery, and on top of all miscarriages.
Avoid alcohol, wine and beer for fertility health
The study results are unambiguous and suggest the avoidance of alcohol beverages in case you attempting a pregnancy. In case you are already confronted with fertility problems and wondering whether alcohol consumption is adding to your fertility woes, probably the time has come for quitting the habit. If you happen to be a habitual drinker and have been drinking five or more drinks in a week, quitting abruptly may be difficult. In such a situation, you may seek help from your health care provider or counselor and your friends and relatives. By quitting alcohol, you will not only increase your fertility, but also improve upon your long-term health.
For females, quitting before attempting to conceive will also help in avoiding alcohol during the pregnancy period, wherein the risks of adverse impact on the pregnancy and to your offspring are higher.
Males, who desire to have a healthy baby, will certainly support their partners by avoiding alcoholic beverages.
Couples, confronted with infertility and opting for expensive procedures like IVF and others, know the worth of quitting alcohol.