What is Testosterone?
In males, the testosterone is generated largely by the testicles, but a very small quantity of it is produced by the adrenal glands. The pituitary and hypothalamus glands located in the brain organize the production of the testosterone.
The hypothalamus gland indicates the pituitary gland the quantity of production of testosterone. On receiving the message, the pituitary, in turn, travels the message on to the testicles. These communiqués occur via the hormones and other chemicals present in the blood.
The testosterone helps in growing the sexual structures of males before they are born, and the growth of tributary sex distinctions of males at the time of attaining puberty, like:
- Deeping of voice
- Growing body and facial hair
- Enlarged size of the testicles and penis
According to Dr Deeksha Tyagi of the New Life India Clinic, the hormone determines
- The sex drive in males
- The production of sperm in the semen
- Distribution of fat
- Production of red cells in your blood
- Strength maintenance in muscles & body mass
Because of the above reasons, the testosterone is linked to a male’s overall wellbeing and health. One of the medical and scientific publishers published a study in 2009 linking the testosterone in preventing osteoporosis in males.
In a female, her ovaries and adrenal glands generate testosterone. In females, the total levels of her testosterone work out to be about one-tenth to one-twentieth of a male’s testosterone levels.
Low testosterone implications
With the advancing age, the testosterone levels decline naturally. What levels of testosterone comprise hypogonadism or “low-T,” is divisively controversial. It cautions you before jumping for it.
The levels of testosterone differ uncontrollably. They may vary even on the timing of the day they are being evaluated. They are likely to be found in low levels if evaluated in the evenings.
You may experience one or more symptoms because of low levels of testosterone, such as:
- Your sex desire and drive may get reduced
- You may also experience impotence or erectile dysfunction
- The greater size of your breasts
- Lesser production of sperm
- Hot flashes
- Concentration difficulties
- Soft and dried up testicles
- Thinning of hair and the muscle mass
- Osteoporosis (your bones may become fragile)
For treating males having hypogonadism and the low levels of testosterone, the doctors generally prescribe medicines, if the levels of testosterone sink under 300 nanograms a deciliter.
Females having high levels of testosterone may experience:
For those who are troubled with having a higher or lower amount of testosterone, the treating doctor may like you to undergo a blood test for measuring the hormone quantity in your blood.
If the doctor finds low levels of testosterone in your blood, a testosterone therapy is generally advised by the doctor wherein a synthetic version of the testosterone hormone is prescribed.
The synthetic testosterone is offered is many different forms, such as:
The testosterone gel can be applied to the upper arms, abdomen or shoulders every day. At times, the gel solution is applied in both the armpits.
A patch placed on the body skin or scrotum twice every day. Sometimes, gum patches are placed twice every day.
The testosterone injections are given with a gap about every two – three weeks.
The testosterone implants last for nearly 4 – 6 months.
The males, who happen to be using testosterone in the form a gel, are advised to follow precautionary measure, like:
- Washing hands after every application
- The area of application may be properly covered.
- The females and children are not allowed to touch the body parts where the patch or the gel is applied.
The elderly males undergoing testosterone treatment and having deficiency of testosterone are believed to be seen:
- Having increased potency
- Increased sexual drive
The treatment with testosterone therapy may increase the risk factors, like:
- Increased breast size
- Developing sleep apnea
- Prostrate growth and cancer