Know Your Monthly Cycle
If you understand your menstrual cycle, the chances of your achieving pregnancy immensely improve. The first phase of your cycle begins with the 1st day bleeding during your periods. Your body starts releasing hormones, such as Follicle-stimulate hormone (FSH) that activates your ovaries to grow eggs wrapped in ovarian follicles. In between Day-2 and Day-14 of the cycle, these hormones help in thickening the uterine lining in order to prepare the uterus to receive a fertilized egg and the embryo implantation.
What takes place during Ovulation?
The standard menstrual cycle is of somewhere in between 28 and 35 days. The ovulation usually occurs between 11th and 21st day of your cycle. At this time, the level of hormone known as Luteinizing hormone (LH) increases and activates the release of the ripest egg from the ovaries. Concurrently, your cervical mucus turns greasier paving the way for the sperm towards the egg.
Timing is the most important
All the females are born with nearly 1-2 million eggs but of all the eggs only 300 – 450 eggs get released in the entire lifetime through ovulation. Usually, just one egg gets released every month by your ovaries. That egg makes a journey along 1 of the 2 Fallopian tubes that unite ovaries to the uterus. If the copulation is timed, the healthiest sperm in the semen discharged by the male penis may fertilize the egg while making a way towards the uterus. In case the fertilization does not take place within one a day (24 hours) after the release of egg by the ovary, the egg gets dissolved. On the other hand, the sperm may live in a female body for nearly 3-5 days. So, if you know your Ovulation Day, you can plan intercourse with your partner to achieve pregnancy.
Tracking Most Fertile Days
Usually, the best opportunity for attaining pregnancy occurs if you indulge in sexual activity one or two days prior to your ovulation. In case your menstrual cycle (periods) is of standard 28 days, calculate back 14 days from the expected date of your next menstruation beginning. Plan to indulge in sex on every alternate day around that period – for example on Day-12 and Day-14. Bear in mind that indulging in sex daily may decrease the sperm count of your male partner. Your menstrual cycle (periods) may be shorter or longer, so ovulation calculator available online may help you know the likely day of your ovulation.
Tracking ovulation by temperature
Soon after the egg release from the ovaries, the progesterone hormone becomes operational to thicken and maintain the uterine lining. Thus, your body temperature rises slightly. Measuring your temperature with the help of a basal thermometer each morning prior to coming out of your bed may help you in knowing your ovulation. These thermometers are easily available at the pharmaceutical stores. They are not very expensive but are not as perfect and accurate as other manners of following ovulation.
Calculating Ovulation by Hormone
A rise in Luteinizing Hormone (LH) activates your ovaries to liberate an egg from the ovarian follicles. This hormonal rise occurs nearly 36 hours prior to the egg release. Ovulation kits available in the markets usually examine the LH levels in the urine to identify and predict the Ovulation Day. These kits available in the pharmaceutical shops are highly accurate and convenient. You may like performing this examination 1 or 2 days prior to the expected rise LH. This surge will give you a fair idea about the Ovulation Day.
The Second or the Last Phase of Your Menstrual Cycle
During the second half or the last phase of your menstrual cycle, progesterone hormone becomes operational to lend help in preparing the uterine lining to receive a fertilized egg in the uterus. If the fertilization of the egg does not take place, hence the embryo does not get implanted. As the unfertilized egg crumbles into pieces, the levels of progesterone hormone drop. After nearly 12 to 16 days, the egg along with lining tissue of the uterus and bleeding are shed from the uterus through your vagina. This process if called menstruation. Menstruation lasts for about 3-7 days.
Obesity and Fertility
If you happen to be obese or overweight, losing weight may help you in boosting the probability of your getting pregnant. According to a study, the females whose BMI (body mass index) was above usual took longer time for getting pregnant in comparison to those females having normal BMI. With a 5 to 10 percent reduction in weight, your ovulation and pregnancy rate can improve dramatically. Overweight may cause infertility and low levels of testosterone in males. Being considerably underweight may also lead to anorexia and infertility. So, you have to keep a balanced weight.
Advancing age and your pregnancy chances
Your fertility gets decreased with the advancing age, particularly after the mid-30s. The success chances of fertility treatments also get reduced with the advanced age. Fertility experts believe and advise that you should be consulting your doctor if you are above 30s and have been trying to achieve pregnancy for nearly 12 months, or above the age of 35 and have been attempting pregnancy for nearly or over 6 months.
With advancing age, fertility also declines in males
With the advancing age of males, their fertility may decline in the following terms:
- Low Sperm Count
- Low Sperm Motility
- Low Sperm Morphology
- Declined Sexual Desire/Libido