Here we present FAQs (frequently asked questions) about ovulation.  These questions came up before Dr Deeksha Tyagi and her team in the course of providing infertility treatments.

How to calculate the Ovulation Day?

The ovulation timing is quite complex and involves study of your reproductive system and reproductive cycles to comprehend. By applying a combination of procedures, like monitoring your cervical fluid, measuring your BBT (basal body temperature) every day and tracking your menstruation, you may better discover your ovulation time.

Do females ovulate on the 14th Day after the beginning of menstruation?

Regrettably, this is just a myth and not true, though several people, including healthcare providers may still think. This 14th-Day myth may have emerged from either calculating the average of when all females ovulate or by dividing the 28-Day menstrual cycle to half, creating a mid-cycle theory. This certainly is not the correct way of calculating ovulation as several females do not ovulate on the 14th-Day of their menstrual cycle.

The ovulation day varies from one female to another and from one month to another for a particular female. In a female having a 28 Day cycle, the ovulation window, also known as fertility window, remains open from Day 11 to Day 21 of the cycle. Ovulation may happen on any day during the period of this fertility window.

During the Ovulation Time, for how many days shall I remain Fertile?

During your fertility window of ovulation, an egg is available for fertilization only for nearly 12-24 hours.  But since the sperm can survive in a female body for about 3 to 5 days having copulation, the egg is available just for a day. Hence, your most fertile period is for about 5 to 7 days.

Can ovulation occur during my menstrual periods?

The reply to this question may depend on what do you consider as periods. A period of menstruation is when bleeding happens and uterine lining (endometrium) is shed 12-16 days after the ovulation. With this meaning of a period, the ovulation just cannot happen while you are going through your menstruation or a period.

Nonetheless, many females may experience bleeding related to ovulation in the middle of the cycle. This mid-cycle bleeding around the ovulation is, at times, mistaken as a period. This may be seen in some females who experience extreme irregularity in periods, maybe coming after every three months or twice or thrice in a month, though it may happen in females also having regular menstrual cycles.  This bleeding appears like a period, but in essence, there is likelihood of being bleeding related to ovulation. Ovulation may happen at a time when you experience bleeding in the middle of your menstrual cycle.

Bear in mind that ovulation does not and cannot happen while you are on a period.  As the sperm can live in a female body for 3 to 5 days, there is a remote chance of attaining pregnancy in case you indulge in intercourse during your periods.

May I ovulate soon after periods?

The answer to your question may depend on of how many days is your menstrual cycle. The count of days in your menstrual cycle is calculated from the Day-1 of menstruation until the beginning of the next cycle. In case your menstrual is quite short, e.g. of 21 days only, you may continue to bleed for seven days, and then you may ovulate soon after your periods.

This is for the reason that ovulation usually happens 12 to 16 days prior to the beginning of your next periods and this would approximately calculate your ovulation in between 6 and 10 days of your menstrual cycle.

Can I achieve pregnancy during my Periods?

While pregnancy does not happen when your periods are on, you may achieve pregnancy if you indulge in intercourse with your male partner during your periods. This happens for the reason that sperm can live in a female body after ejaculation for nearly 5 days and if a female ovulates immediately after the periods, and then there is a probability of her attaining pregnancy from the intercourse during her periods. It is worth keeping in mind that there is a greater possibility of achieving pregnancy while experiencing bleeding related to ovulation in the middle of your cycle. (Read the above clarification about bleeding related to ovulation and your menstruation).

May I Ovulate without observing the Stretchy Cervical Fluid?

Ovulation may occur even if you are not able to observe the pliable egg white fluid that is assumedly accompanied with ovulation. Every female experiences her own kind of cervical fluid. Ovulation presumably happens on the day when a female has wet fluid in abundance. If a female does not experience the egg-white fluid, there are supplements for increasing the generation of cervical fluid.

What does it imply if I experience the pliable cervical fluid for more than a day?

Several females experience wetter days (abundant cervical fluid) a few days prior to ovulation and may continue to experience if even after the ovulation.  While examining cervical fluid to know when you are going to ovulate, watch it for 12 to 24 hour when you have wet fluid in abundance.

This usually happens around the ovulation time when an egg is presented for fertilization, though the intercourse that occurs a few days prior to the ovulation may cause pregnancy.

Will I surely be ovulating if Ovulation Predictor Kit gives + (Positive) Sign?

Ovulation Predictor Kits verify the presence of the luteinizing hormone (LH). The luteinizing hormone (LH) levels rise immediately prior to the ovulation. That is the reason kits are meant for detecting whether you are close to the ovulation. But they cannot predict that you will definitely be ovulating.

Females may experience increased LH levels because of some medical conditions like Premature Ovarian Failure (POF), Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), or females beyond the age of 40, who are confronted with peri-menopause. Besides, females having LUFS (Luteinized Unruptured Follicle Syndrome) may also experience rising LH levels with no ovulation. Any of the mentioned medical conditions may cause a false + (positive) indication on an Ovulation Predictor Examination.

What are the symptoms and signs of ovulation?

Though several females may observe just one or two of the symptoms and signs, they are:

Variation in cervical fluid

Variation in cervical position and the firmness

Increased libido/sexual drive

Dull ache or a twinge of pain in one side of the abdomen

Light spotting

Increased levels of Luteinizing Hormone that can be confirmed performing an ovulation test

Consistent change in the Basal Body Temperature Chart

Tenderness in your breasts

Bloated abdomen

A sharp sense of smell, taste and vision

How many times a female can ovulate in one menstrual cycle?

It is not possible for a female to ovulate more than one time during every cycle. This means that she cannot attain pregnancy more than once during her menstrual cycle. However, multiple ovulation may happen if two or more eggs get released from the ovaries in one cycle.

Multiple eggs usually get released within a span of 24 hour and are accountable for the birth of twin, triplet, quadruplet or more siblings. It is a belief that this happens in 5 to 10 percent females of all cycles but the females do not deliver that many twins, triplets or more babies because of a kind of miscarriage, known as “Vanishing Twin Syndrome”.

Will I be ovulating without having menstruations?

As a female’s ovaries release an egg 12 to 16 days prior to the expected periods, there is a possibility of getting her pregnant without having menstruations. Females who do not experience menstruations because of certain conditions, such as perimenopause, breastfeeding or low body weight are at a risk of attaining pregnancy as the ovulation may begin again at any point of time.

In case ovulation happens in you and your periods do not start afterwards for in a couple of weeks, it is advised go in for your pregnancy test.

Those females wanting to achieve pregnancy, the absence of menstruations makes it difficult for them to know the ovulation timing in case they are not charging the Basal Body Temperature and monitoring the changes in cervical fluid.  But in case you are not having menstruations and wish to prevent pregnancy,  you should be using a conception, like intrauterine device or birth controlling pills or any other form of contraceptive, for preventing an unwanted pregnancy as there is no way to ascertain when the ovulation will take place.

May I have my menstruations yet no ovulation?

Experiencing menstruations does not essentially mean that ovulation will or has to happen. Many females may experience an anovulatory cycle, Some women may have what is known as anovulatory cycle, signifying absence of ovulation. In an anovulatory cycle, some bleeding is experienced by females, which may look like a menstruation, though, in fact, it is not true menstruation.

This bleeding is the result of the uterine lining buildup not able to sustain itself or fall in the estrogen levels. The best way to know if the ovulation is happening is by monitoring and following the basal body temperature.

CategoryOvulation FAQs
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