Male Infertility Risk Factors

What are Male Infertility risk factors?

Against all myths and beliefs, infertility is not exclusively a woman’s problem.  Studies have shown that about 30% of all infertility issues involve male problems alone. And, nearly 30% because of problems in both the partners.

Researchers are of the view that the male infertility is on the rise because of various environmental issues that include:

  • Use of pesticides
  • Chemical exposure
  • Radiations from X-rays, etc.
  • Pollution and
  • Drug abuse

Let us discuss now Male Infertility risk factors separately:

  • Smoking

Smoking has serious harmful effects on male sperm as it degrades the quality of protein needed for fertility.  So, for achieving a pregnancy, the couples are advised to stop smoking immediately before taking any treatment for infertility.

  • Alcohol

Excessive alcohol use drastically reduces the production of normal sperm. To have a normal sperm count in the seminal fluid, it is better to either stop consumption of alcohol or keep it a moderate level.

  • Drugs

There are a number of drugs that are responsible for causing male infertility.  To name a few: Testosterone, Anabolic steroids, Marijuana, Alcohol, Tobacco (smoking), Opiates (narcotics), 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors (finasteride, dutaseride, and propecia), Alpha blockers (Silodosin, Tamsulosin, Alfuzosin, Hytrin, Cardura), PDE5 inhibitors (Viagra, Levitra, and Cialis), Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), Ketoconazole etc.

  • Overweight

Studies have observed that people who are obese or overweight produce a less number of healthy sperm in their semen compared to people having balanced weight. It is suggested that a balanced weight is a key to keeping male or female fertility intact.

  • Infections

Any kind of viral or bacterial infection in the genital Bacterial and viral infections of the genital area is bound to affect the male fertility. These infections deteriorate both the sperm quality and quantity. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea  are such sexually transmitted infections in industrialized countries.

  • Exposure to Toxins

Irrespective of where do you live, where do you work or how do you spend your day, you are exposed to a number of toxic chemicals every day. These toxins are found in the air you breathe in, the water you drink, the food you eat, the building you live in and even in the soil to walk on. Exposure to these toxins makes you vulnerable to infertility diseases.

  • Overheating the testicles

Your testicles need at least 4 degree cooler environment than your body temperature.  High temperature not only lowers your sperm count but also affects the quality of sperms.  Fever, wearing tight-fitting clothes, saunas,  cell phones, cycling or even motorcycling are causes for overheating the testicles.

  • Trauma to the testicles

The health of your testicles is important for reproduction and maintaining standard male hormones. They are located in scrotum hanging outside the body having no muscles or bones for protection. Guarding them from possible injury is critical for maintaining fertility.

Some males are born with a fertility problem.  They may have certain blood cells obstructing normal fertility.

  • Undescended Testicles

Some boys are born with one or both undescended testicles.  That means the testicles have not descended into the scrotum and stay in the abdomen or partially descended. The condition, if not treated at an early stage, will render the man infertile.

Having a prior Vasectomy or major abdominal or pelvic surgery

  • Medical conditions

    • Certain medical conditions such as tumors or chronic illnesses like sickle cell ailment may affect your fertility.
    • Hernia repairing treatment
    • Presence of Polyps
    • Having a history of prostate or genital infection
    • Have had mumps after puberty

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part I: What is Infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part II: 11- risk factors of  both male and female infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part III: What are Female Infertility risk factors

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part V: What are causes of Infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part VI: What are causes of Infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part VII: Female Infertility Symptoms

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part VIII: Infertility Symptoms in Men

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part IX: Infertility Treatment in India

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part X: Evaluating Female Infertility

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XI: Evaluating Male Infertility

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XII: What infertility treatments are available?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIII: Male Infertility Treatments and drugs

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIV: Female Infertility Treatments

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XV: Assisted Reproductive Technology

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVI:  Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVII: Intrauterine Insemination

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVIII: Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIX: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XX: Ovulation Induction (OI)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XXI:  Sperm Morphology

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