What are Male Infertility risk factors?
Against all myths and beliefs, infertility is not exclusively a woman’s problem. Studies have shown that about 30% of all infertility issues involve male problems alone. And, nearly 30% because of problems in both the partners.
Researchers are of the view that the male infertility is on the rise because of various environmental issues that include:
- Use of pesticides
- Chemical exposure
- Radiations from X-rays, etc.
- Pollution and
- Drug abuse
Let us discuss now Male Infertility risk factors separately:
Smoking has serious harmful effects on male sperm as it degrades the quality of protein needed for fertility. So, for achieving a pregnancy, the couples are advised to stop smoking immediately before taking any treatment for infertility.
Excessive alcohol use drastically reduces the production of normal sperm. To have a normal sperm count in the seminal fluid, it is better to either stop consumption of alcohol or keep it a moderate level.
There are a number of drugs that are responsible for causing male infertility. To name a few: Testosterone, Anabolic steroids, Marijuana, Alcohol, Tobacco (smoking), Opiates (narcotics), 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors (finasteride, dutaseride, and propecia), Alpha blockers (Silodosin, Tamsulosin, Alfuzosin, Hytrin, Cardura), PDE5 inhibitors (Viagra, Levitra, and Cialis), Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), Ketoconazole etc.
Studies have observed that people who are obese or overweight produce a less number of healthy sperm in their semen compared to people having balanced weight. It is suggested that a balanced weight is a key to keeping male or female fertility intact.
Any kind of viral or bacterial infection in the genital Bacterial and viral infections of the genital area is bound to affect the male fertility. These infections deteriorate both the sperm quality and quantity. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are such sexually transmitted infections in industrialized countries.
Exposure to Toxins
Irrespective of where do you live, where do you work or how do you spend your day, you are exposed to a number of toxic chemicals every day. These toxins are found in the air you breathe in, the water you drink, the food you eat, the building you live in and even in the soil to walk on. Exposure to these toxins makes you vulnerable to infertility diseases.
Overheating the testicles
Your testicles need at least 4 degree cooler environment than your body temperature. High temperature not only lowers your sperm count but also affects the quality of sperms. Fever, wearing tight-fitting clothes, saunas, cell phones, cycling or even motorcycling are causes for overheating the testicles.
Trauma to the testicles
The health of your testicles is important for reproduction and maintaining standard male hormones. They are located in scrotum hanging outside the body having no muscles or bones for protection. Guarding them from possible injury is critical for maintaining fertility.
Some boys are born with one or both undescended testicles. That means the testicles have not descended into the scrotum and stay in the abdomen or partially descended. The condition, if not treated at an early stage, will render the man infertile.
Having a prior Vasectomy or major abdominal or pelvic surgery