Infertility FAQs - Part I

What is Infertility?

Infertility in Woman is a medical condition referred to as lack of ability to conceive after regular copulating with her spouse without using any protection. If the woman is able to conceive, but unable to carry the pregnancy to full term, that  will also be termed as infertility.

Infertility in Men is the biological inability of a man to contribute to the conception.

Infertility in a couple is the medical condition of the couple wherein the woman involved is not able to conceive even after regulary copulating for about 12 months without using any kind of contraception. Studies have shown that nearly 50% of the infertility cases are the result of medical conditions of women and the rest are because of men’s sperm disorders or unidentified issues. According to a renowned research center in the US:

  • Of all the infertility cases, nearly 20% are because of some kind of deficiency in the man.
  • Approximately 40% to 50% infertility issues are due to some medical problem in the woman.
  • More of less 30% to 40%  cases of infertility arise because of some problems in both female and male.

The Department of Health and Human Service in the US says that nearly 10% to 15% of couples in their country are infertile.  That means they have not been able to conceive even after copulating for about one year without using any protection against conception.

According to a report  dated January 27, 2014, in a prominent newspaper of India, The New Indian Express, 15% of Indian population of young men and women is infertile for one or more reasons.

And, the medical condition is on the rise because of the flawed lifestyle. Infertility, in this advanced scientific and technological era, is curable. It is pertinent to note that infertility may have a single reason in one of the partners or there could be multiple reasons in one or both of them.

Your chances of conceiving in a given month?

 If a couple is not actively making an effort towards achieving  pregnancy, but bed-partnering regularly without using any protection against conception, there are merely 11 percent chance of getting pregnant. For a healthy and fertile couple below 35, the chance of getting pregnant is estimated at around 25 percent a month if they indulge in copulating without using any protection around the time of ovulation. That is one of the reasons, the fertility specialists generally wait for a year to get pregnant naturally.

If that does not happen during one year, only then they begin conducting fertility investigations. But if the couple is above 30 and above and have not been able to achieve pregnancy even after six months of unprotected sex, the doctors may suggest undergoing preliminary investigations to:

Age factor in achieving pregnancy?

 The age of the couple plays a vital role in achieving pregnancy. If the couple does not have any infertility issue and is aged around 21, they would be able to attain pregnancy within four months of regularly indulging in unprotected bed-partnering.

The fertility gradually starts declining as the couple ages until around the age of 35.  The decline in fertility becomes faster between the age of 35 and 40. After the age 40, the decline in fertility becomes rapid with each passing day. Some odds do happen.  Given below is the generally cited estimate on the percentage chance of achieving pregnancy after one year of regular unprotected bed-partnering:

  • There is a 90% probability of achieving conception if you are around 20
  • The probability declines to 70% if the couple is around 30
  • It further declines to 55% at the age of 35
  • It becomes only 45% around the age of 40
  • And, it remains only 6% around the age of 45

It is significant to cite a BBC news published on September 18, 2013 says that the fertility statistics as old as 300 years are still in use. In Europe, North America and many other parts of the world, about 85% couples conceive within the first year of their marriage if they regularly indulge in unprotected copulating. As per National Health Service in the United Kingdom:

  • 20% women get pregnant within one month
  • 70% within the first six months
  • 85 within one year
  • 90% within one-and-half-year &
  • 95% within two years

Based on the above assumption, the infertility doctors in the United Kingdom do not diagnose any couple for infertility until two years have passed and the woman involved has not attained a pregnancy even after having regular unprotected bed-partnering. People prefer consulting a general practitioner, if no pregnancy happens within one year. As per the National Health Service, UK, the couples who have been trying to achieve pregnancy for three years has only 25% chance of getting pregnant during the next one year if they continue their pursuit.

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part II: 11- risk factors of  both male and female infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part III: What are Female Infertility risk factors?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part IV: What are Male Infertility risk factors?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part V: What are causes of Female Infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part VI: What are causes of Male Infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part VII: Female Infertility Symptoms

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part VIII: Infertility Symptoms in Men

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part IX: Infertility Treatment in India

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part X: Evaluating Female Infertility

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XI: Evaluating Male Infertility

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XII: What infertility treatments are available?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIII: Male Infertility Treatments and drugs

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIV: Female Infertility Treatments

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XV: Assisted Reproductive Technology

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVI:  Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVII: Intrauterine Insemination

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVIII: Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT) Infertility

Treatment FAQs – Part XIX: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XX: Ovulation Induction (OI)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XXI:  Sperm Morphology

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