Female Infertility Treatments

Female Infertility Treatments

If a woman has been diagnosed with infertility, there are only 50% chance of her successful treatment. However, the successful treatment will depend on the following factors:

Infertility treatments are more beneficial for the women who are facing problems with their ovulation. The treatments are less beneficial for the women whose infertility is because of the damage/blockage to their Fallopian tubes or are facing severe endometriosis.

The foremost important is to treat the original cause of infertility. For instance, if a woman is facing infertility issue because of her thyroid disease.  The disease may be causing hormonal imbalance.

Hence, treating thyroid should be the utmost priority that may be beneficial in restoring fertility. Infertility treatments for women fall into the following categories:

Medication Treatments for Female Infertility

Medicines that stimulate ovulation are the most commonly used for treating infertility. Examples of such medicines are:

Clomiphene or Clomiphene Citrate

Clomiphene is medicine that is taken orally by infertility patients. With this medicine, the body is stimulated to make more hormones that help in maturing the eggs in the ovaries.  Even after taking Clomiphene for six or more menstrual cycles if you fail to to achieve pregnancy, your treating doctor may recommend other infertility treatments.

  • You may be advised to take Clomiphene on 3rd to 5th days of your menstrual cycle.
  • Clomiphene helps in inducing ovulation in more than 80% of infertility patients.  Half of those who are able to ovulate with this medicine achieve pregnancy and have a baby.
  • The chances of getting multiple pregnancies increase with the use of Clomiphene. While in 10% cases, the women are likely to get twins, the chances of having triplets or more are merely 1% or even less.

 Gonadotropins and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

With the help of Gonadotropins hormones that are injected into a woman, eggs are directly stimulated to grow in the ovaries and the ovulation takes place.

Gonadotropins are prescribed by the infertility specialist if Clomiphene does not respond and stimulate follicle growth.

  • Gonadotropins hormones are given on either Day 2 or Day 3 of your periods for continuously a week or up to 12 days.
  • While you are being treated with Gonadotropins, your fertility expert may use trans-vaginal ultrasound to examine the size of your developing eggs, that are growing in tiny sacs called follicles. Your fertility specialist may draw your blood frequently to know the level of estrogen produced in your ovaries.
  • The chances of multiple pregnancies grow higher with gonadotropins hormone as compared to clomiphene. Nearly 30% of women who get pregnant with this medicine give multiple births and about 65% of them give birth to twins. The remaining 35% account for triplets or more multiple births.

The hCG hormone is similar to leutenizing hormone (LH) which is used to prompt the egg release  once the follicles  are fully developed.

Bromocriptine or Cabergoline

Bromocriptine and cabergoline tablets are taken by mouth (orally) for treating unusually high levels of the prolactin hormone that may be ceasing ovulation. Certain medicines, kidney and thyroid diseases may generate higher levels of prolactin.

  • Nearly 90% of women will have normal prolactin levels with the use of Bromocriptine or cabergoline pills.
  • Nearly 85% of women ovulate once the prolactin levels become normal by using Bromocriptine or Cabergoline pills.

Removal of infections

In case of you are diagnosed afflicted with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or any other kind of sexually transmitted diseases of infections, like Chlamydia or Gonorrhea, they are treated with antibiotics and other medicines.  After this treatment, the reproductive organs are diagnosed for any damage the diseases or infections, they may have caused and treated as per the requirement of the treatment.

Surgical Treatments for Female Infertility

If your fallopian tubes are malfunctioning and the cause of your infertility, surgery may help in repairing the tubes or removing blockages in your Fallopian tubes. However, the success rates of these kinds of surgeries are low.

Moreover, these types of surgeries concerning the Fallopian tubes may increase the possibility of ectopic pregnancy.  Ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that develops outside of your uterus. They are also known as “tubal pregnancies” as they happen in a Fallopian tube. Surgeries to eliminate endometriosis patches have been found very effective in almost doubling the chances for achieving pregnancy.

Surgeries are also effective in removing uterine fibroids, adhesions, scarring and polyps that influence fertility.

While going through your infertility treatment, please stay away from drinking an immoderate amount of alcohol and smoking.

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part I: What is Infertility

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part II: 11- risk factors of  both male and female infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part III: What are Female Infertility risk factors

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part IV: What are Male Infertility risk factors

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part V: What are causes of Female Infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs — Part VI: Causes of Male Infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs — Part VII: Female Infertility Symptoms?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part VIII: Infertility Symptoms in Men

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part IX: Infertility Treatment in India

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part X: Evaluating Female Infertility

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XI: Evaluating Male Infertility

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XII: What infertility treatments are available?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIII: Male Infertility Treatments and drugs

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVI:  Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVII: Intrauterine Insemination

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVIII: Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIX: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XX: Ovulation Induction (OI)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XXI:  Sperm Morphology

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