How to evaluate Male Infertility

Evaluating Male Fertility

The assessment of a man’s fertility will include looking for symptoms of any hormonal deficiency, like excessive body fat, reduced muscle mass, and waning facial and body hair. The evaluation also takes into account the answers to some important questions about your health history, such as:

  • Previous injury to the testes or penis, if any
  • Latest high fevers, if any
  • Whether you suffered any childhood disease, such as mumps

Your healthcare provider will look for problems by physical scrutiny of your testes and penis, such as:

  • Infection, as indicated by discharge or swelling of the prostate
  • Hernia
  • Malfunctioning of tubes that carry sperm
  • Hormonal deficiency, if any, as pointed out by small testes
  • Presence of an accumulation in the testes
  • Varicocele

Your healthcare provider may also ask you to give a sample of semen to examine your sperm health and their quality.  You will be advised to abstain from ejaculating for about 48 hours before giving the sample for the test. You then will be asked to give a sample by ejaculating into a cup by self-stimulating your genitals or by copulation  and using a particular non-contraceptive condom. With this kind of condom, semen can be collected without  any effect on the sperm quality. You may have to give your semen sample more than once because sperm production does vary from time to time depending on your activities and  mental stress levels. Other tests include:

Your blood may be tested to check hormonal levels, including that of testosterone,  follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) & Luteinizing Hormone (LH).

  • Biopsy of the testicle

Your healthcare provider may use a needle to pull out sperm from your testicles.

  • Genetic testing

In case of low sperm count or no sperm in your semen, your healthcare provider may test you for any genetic problem before beginning any infertility treatment. This kind of examination would identify any chromosome abnormalities that are causing a lack of sperm or lead testing can identify chromosome abnormalities that may cause the lack of sperm or developmental problems among your progenies.

  • STDs or STIs

You may be asked to undergo examinations for any sexually transmitted diseases,  or infections, like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea that could be the reason for your fertility issues.

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part I: What is Infertility


Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part II: 11- risk factors of  both male and female infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part III: What are Female Infertility risk factors

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part IV: What are Male Infertility risk factors

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part V: What are causes of Infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs — Part VI: Causes of Male Infertility?

Infertility Treatment FAQs — Part VII: Female Infertility Symptoms?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part VIII: Infertility Symptoms in Men

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part IX: Infertility Treatment in India

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part X: Evaluating Female Infertility

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XII: What infertility treatments are available?

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIII: Male Infertility Treatments and drugs

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIV: Female Infertility Treatments

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XV: Assisted Reproductive Technology

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVI:  Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVII: Intrauterine Insemination

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XVIII: Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XIX: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XX: Ovulation Induction (OI)

Infertility Treatment FAQs – Part XXI:  Sperm Morphology

CategoryInfertility, IVF
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