Estrogens & their functions in women

Estrogen is a group of hormones, which plays a significant role in the development and growth of female sexual peculiarities, besides a woman’s reproductive system.

Of all hormones, estrogen is perhaps the most common and center of discussions on hormones. The expression “estrogen” in reality refers to a group of hormones that are chemically similar.

More than often estrogenic hormones are erroneously thought to be absolutely female hormones. In reality, they are produced by both men and women. Nonetheless, what role estrogen plays in males is entirely unclear.

Before understanding the role of estrogens in women, it is crucial to understand the role of hormones in general. Hormones are, fundamentally, chemical materials found in human and animal creatures. These chemical substances are generally referred to as “chemical messengers”.

Hormones do the work of carrying and transmitting instructions and information from one group of body cells to another.  Hormones, in fact, control each organ and cell, besides their functions in a human body. They balance and moderate each and every function body functions, e.g. our:

  • Growth
  • Development
  • Functioning of tissues
  • Sexual functions
  • The manner in which our body utilizes food
  • Bodily reactions to crisis
  • Changes in our moods

The Functions of Estrogen in Women

The estrogenic hormones distinctively play a major role in the development and growth of female reproduction and their sexual character, both in human beings and animals.

The term “estrogen” denotes a group of hormones that are chemically similar, such as:

  • Estrone
  • Estradiol, and
  • Estriol

*Women produce plentiful of Estradiol in their reproductive age.

By and large, estrogen hormones are produced in the:

  • Ovaries
  • Adrenal glands and
  • Fat tissues

Talking more precisely, the Estradiol and Estrone kinds of estrogens are generated mainly in the ovaries in their reproductive age.

During your pregnancy, Estriol is generated by the placenta.

In females, Estrogen circulates in their blood and gets tied to the Estrogen receptors found in body cells in the targeted tissues. Thus, Estrogen affects your tissues in almost the entire body organs, such as:

Estrogen acts as a commander of your uterine lining growth during the initial part of your menstrual cycle.  Besides, it helps in the development of your breasts during your adolescence and causes changes in them during your pregnancy.

Estrogen also helps in regulating several other metabolic processes of your body, such as:

  • Cholesterol level, and
  • Bone growth


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