What is endometriosis?
The lining cells of the uterus are called endometrial cells. These cells keep growing as a lining in the uterus and are shed each month during menstruation. But if and when these cells start growing in or on the tissues outside the uterus, that is abnormal growth of Endometrial cells. And, this unusual growth of cells is called Endometriosis. These cells are generally benign, but can cause infertility problem in women.
The areas where these cells grow are called endometriosis implants. The easy target areas of these embedded growths of abnormal endometrial cells are:
- Fallopian tubes
- The surface lining of the pelvic cavity and, sometimes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines.
In fact, these cells grow wherever they find it easy. It could be:
These implants are generally not found outside the pelvic area, on old surgery scars or on the liver or in and around the lungs or brain.
Who is affected by endometriosis?
Believing the estimates, 20% to 50% of women undergoing infertility treatments have endometriosis. And, among women suffering from chronic pelvic pain, 80% are affected by endometriosis. You might be among endometriosis patients, if:
- You have not given birth to a child earlier
- Your periods had started at an early age
- Your periods have gone irregular and sometimes get stretched to more than seven days
- Your menstrual cycle is about 27 days or even less
- Your mother, aunt or sister or any other first-degree blood relation has or had endometriosis
- You are tall and lean and have a low Body Mass Index (BMI)
- Your pregnancy is delayed until an older age
- You have been facing a physical problem which causes blockage in the usual flow of menstrual blood during your periods
Symptoms of endometriosis?
Some women may have Endometriosis but may not experience any symptom.
The most symptoms of endometriosis include:
It is very common for the women suffering from Endometriosis to feel acute pain. And, this pain may have different variations like:
- Painful cramps at the time of menstruation. And, this pain worsens over a period of time
- Persistent pain in the lower back and around the pelvic area
- Weird pain other than the usual while copulating with the partner
- Pain in intestines
- Pain while defecating or urinating during periods. Although not common, you may also notice blood in stool or urine.
Bleeding or spotting:
If you are facing digestive problems, especially during your menstrual periods, you may be suffering from Endometriosis. These digestive problems may be constipation, bloating, nausea, diarrhea or anything else.