diabetes-and-infertility

In case you are attempting to achieve pregnancy without any luck and have not been able to diagnose the reason of your infertility, it is a high time to undergo a simple blood examination for ascertaining if your glucose level is under control or has gone high.

With the increasing cases of Diabetes Type II and infertility, the fertility experts are looking at it as a major health issue and relating it to the one of the causes of unexplained infertility.

If the figures are to be believed, several lakhs of Type II Diabetes are reported every year and around 3 percent of them are from the childbearing population, who probably are unaware of the their ailment.

Diabetes and the resultant issue infertility have a strong connection. In several cases, particularly females, diabetes not only keeps them away from attaining pregnancy, but also becomes a deterrent in staying pregnant.

According to fertility experts, in several cases, a female having greater glucose levels than the usual finds it difficult to attain pregnancy.  Unluckily, her status of having diabetes hinders their embryo from implanting in their womb.  They are often confronted with a miscarriage much before their knowing that they were pregnant.

Thus, the diabetes not only creates issues in achieving pregnancy, but also causes problems that thwart the continuance of pregnancy. In a nutshell, there is 30 to 60 percent greater probability of miscarriage among diabetic females.

Even if the embryo implantation does not take place, there are several other risks that cannot be ignored, like:

The females run a higher risk of developing birth faults in their offspring caused to the  embryo tissues having higher levels of sugar in the blood.

There is always a risk of giving birth to a big size baby via cesarean section and the probability of developing infection.

There is a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes in the expecting mother that can cause enormous health issues both for her and her baby.

If sugar levels are too increased

Besides preventing the embryo implantation, the higher sugar levels may also cause hormonal imbalance in the body, wherein all the vital testosterone, estrogen and progesterone levels may go awry and prevent the pregnancy to happen.  For this reason, proper sugar levels are important for keeping the fertility intact.

Kinds of Diabetes

People are generally aware how the high sugar levels in your bloodstream emanating from the Type I Diabetes can pose serious health issues. In most of the causes of Type I Diabetes, the working insulin producing cells get damaged in your body.  This condition necessitates fulfilling the requirement with supplemental insulin provided by the injections every day. Talking about pregnancy and diabetes, it is a most dangerous situation for the expecting mother and her baby.

When your body is unable to produce enough sugar for maintaining the proper sugar levels in your blood is a very common type of diabetes, called Type II Diabetes. And, it can only be tackled with the increased exercise and changes in diet. The eminent Yoga guru in India, Baba Ramdev, claims that Type II Diabetes is curable by doing Kapalbhati regularly.

Yes, with rigorous workout and dietary changes, Type II Diabetes is controllable restricting its side effects and making the pregnancy safe.

How to control Diabetes?

In view of attaining a healthy, management of diabetes is vital.  For doing so, most of the health experts advocate planning for a pregnancy well in advance by following the under-mentioned steps:

Manage your weight to the standard level.  It is more difficult to manage sugar levels in obese people.

Before trying to attain pregnancy, your A1C level should be below 6.5.

Your daily glucose level should be under control for at least 6 months.  The longer the period, the merrier it is for attaining pregnancy.

Diabetes in males

Males may also confront infertility problems because of the high sugar level. One issue is of retrograde ejaculation wherein semen confines in the bladder.  In this condition, it becomes almost impossible for the semen to reach the female reproductive system and organs. Another issue is of erectile dysfunction, which may be the result of diabetes and the effect of medicines used for controlling it.

Damaging the sperm DNA is yet another side effect caused by the diabetes in males.  Such damage not only restrains pregnancy, but also harms the health of the fetus and may cause miscarriage.

Males having diabetes may produce lower amounts of semen (merely 2.6 ml in comparison to non-diabetic males)

The amount of nuclear DNA in males having diabetes is usually found to be more.  It is usually found to be around 50 per cent in comparison to around 30 per cent.

The mitochondrial DNA of the sperm in a male’s semen having diabetes faces more deletions in comparison to males having no diabetes.

These all simply mean that there is a less probability of achieving a pregnancy with a diabetic male partner.  If achieved, there is an increased risk of miscarriage and developing deformities in the offspring.

Is it safe for the couple having diabetes for attempting a pregnancy?

You may all be wondering to know whether it is safe attempting a pregnancy for the diabetic couple. Now that you know the risks of diabetes involving your fertility, it becomes vital not only to control the sugar levels in your blood but also maintain it under check. This will brighten the chances of the diabetic couple giving birth to a healthy baby.

It is not difficult to achieve this goal by working with your obstetrician and endocrinologist before making an attempt of achieving pregnancy. If planned well with dedication of eating nutritionally and indulging in rigorous exercise, your probability of having a healthy baby increase, despite diagnosed with diabetes.

CategoryDiabetes, Infertility

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