Clomiphene citrate is used for treating infertility in females. The medicine acts for stimulating a higher quantity of hormones that help in the growth and a mature egg release at the time of ovulation (if ovulation does not occur, it is called anovulation). It is not suggested for females, who are confronted with improper working of the ovaries because of ovarian failure or primary pituitary.
How to take clomiphene?
To derive most effectiveness, Clomiphene is taken orally, as per the directions of the treating doctor. Carefully following the Clomiphene dose schedule is of significance. Don’t ignore the schedule.
The dosage is decided depending on your response to the therapy and the medical condition. Neither you should take the medicine for a longer period, nor develop the habit of taking it often. The treatment using this medicine for a longer period is not suggested. You are advised not to use the medicine for more than 6 menstrual cycles.
You may be asked to verify your body temperature and performing the ovulation examinations. You should be timing your copulation with your male partner. Seek the help of your doctor for any clarification.
What medical conditions are treated with Clomiphene Citrate?
Clomiphene citrate, taken orally, is useful for treating the hereunder:
Other than the above female issues, it is also useful:
- Treating infertility in men
- Lesser count of sperm in the semen
- Studying the ovarian functions (diagnosis)
- Performing Hypothalamic-pituitary-axis examination (diagnosis)
Side Effects of Clomiphene Citrate
If any of the above conditions are worsening or persisting, seek medical help immediately.
It is pertinent to know that your doctor has reasoned the use of this medicine for more benefits than the side effect risks. Several persons using the Clomiphene medicine do not face any severe side effects.
Right away inform your doctor the unlikelihood of the any of above-mentioned side effects, but other side of a serious nature may happen, like:
Particularly, people vulnerable to dazzling light may experience changes in vision, like visualizing flashes or spots, blurred vision, may, at times, during use of Clomiphene.
Such side effects generally start vanishing in a few days after stopping the treatment. In rare cases, changes in vision may get permanent. Seek medical aid straight away in case one or more symptoms appear, such as vision issues or changes or pain in the eyes.
While using this medicine, you may experience OHSS (Ovarian Hyper-Stimulation Syndrome). In rare cases, severe OHSS may unexpectedly build fluid in your chest, stomach and around the heart. This may happen while undergoing medicinal therapy or after stopping the treatment.
Seek medical help promptly in case you develop one or more side effects, such as:
- Swelling in the lower abdominal (pelvic) area
- Speedy weight gain
- Breath shortness
- Reduced urination
- Chest pain
- Abnormal or fast heartbeat
- Swelling/pain/redness in the legs
There is a remote probability of your developing a severe allergic reaction to the Clomiphene medicine, but you are advised to seek a medical help in case it happens. Some symptoms of a severe allergic reaction are:
- Problem in breathing
- Rashes/swelling/itching (particularly in the throat / tongue, or on the facial skin)
The list of possible side effects is not complete. Contact your doctor, in case you perceive any of the side effects not listed above.
The Clomiphene citrate is not advised in case you have some other medical conditions without consulting the treating doctor before beginning to take this drug, such as:
- Enlarged ovaries/Ovarian Cysts (not because of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
- Unusual vaginal bleeding
- Liver ailment
- Unmanageable issues in the adrenal or thyroid glands
- Pituitary or Brain Tumor
Before beginning this medicine, inform your treating doctor all your medical history, particularly on uterus issues, like endometriosis and uterine fibroids and polycystic ovary syndrome. The Clomiphene use may cause multiple births (triplets or twins). For additional details, discuss it with your doctor.
This medication may make you feel dizzy and change your vision. Avoid the use of machineries, driving and other chores that require a clear vision and attentiveness until and unless you are pretty sure you can handle them with safety. Restrict your alcohol consumption.
The possibility of this medicine’s contaminating the breast milk is not yet known. However, it is believed that the medication may reduce the production of milk. Hence, it is advised to discuss it with your doctor before beginning to breast-feed.
The interactions of the drug taken along with other medications may change its working, thus, placing you to confront severe side effects. The blog does not discuss all the probable interactions of the medicine with other medications.
Provide the list of all the prescribed, herbal and non-prescribed drugs you have been using to your doctor. Don’t begin, change or stop the medication dosage without the consent of your doctor.
Gonadorelin is believed to be strongly interacting with the Clomiphene Citrate.
Overdose of Clomiphene symptoms are:
- Pain in the lower abdomen/pelvis
- Vision issues
Points to ponder:
Sharing this drug with others is not advised.
Medical examinations, such as ultrasound, pelvic tests and examinations of hormones regularly will help you to keep an eye on your progress and verify the onslaught of side effects. For more details, consulting your doctor is advised.