Chlamydia is a contagious sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can effortlessly spread simply because it shows hardly any symptoms and can get passed on to the sexual partners unsuspectingly. In fact, nearly 75 percent of contagions in females and in 50 percent in males do not show any symptoms.
How to know if I am afflicted with Chlamydia?
Since there are no perceptible symptoms, it is not that simple to predict the presence of Chlamydia infection onslaught. However, some symptoms are noticeable after 1 to 3 weeks of contracting the infection and they may include:
Symptoms of Chlamydia in females
- Unusual discharge from the vagina having a distinct odor
- Painful menstrual periods
- Bleeding in between menstrual periods
- Pain in the abdomen and fever
- Painful copulation
- Vaginal Burning and itching
- Pain while urinating
Symptoms of Chlamydia in males
- Small quantity of cloudy or clear discharge from the penis tip
- Itching and burning around the penis opening
- Pain while urinating
- Painful inflammation around the testis
How to diagnose Chlamydia?
Your doctor may perform a few different examinations for diagnosing the onslaught of chlamydia. She or he may perhaps take a specimen from the urethra in males or the cervix of the uterus of the suspected female using a swab for onward lab analysis. In order to check the existence of bacterial infection, the doctor may take a specimen of urine.
How to treat Chlamydia?
In case of your having diagnosed with chlamydia, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics, generally doxycycline or zithromax (azithromycin) to be taken orally. Your doctor may also suggest your partner’s to be treated for preventing re-infection and promotion of multiplying the ailment to others.
With the use of antibiotics, the infection usually clears up in nearly a week or two. It is pertinent to know that the antibiotic course should not be left halfway through even in case you feel much improved.
The females having severe and chronic infection of chlamydia may need to be given antibiotics intravenously and pain killers. Hence, at times, they may require hospitalization.
After consuming the antibiotic course of medicines, people are re-examined after three months’ time for ensuring that the infection is treated. This is especially essential if you are not sure that you received the contagion from your partner. Even if your partner has been cured, this examination is still important. You are advised against copulation until the existence of the infection is confirmed with the proper examinations.
What may happen if I do not get treatment of Chlamydia?
In case Chlamydia is left untreated, you are inviting the risk of many health issues, besides fertility problems.
- For females:
In case Chlamydia goes untreated, the contagion may turn into a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The PID, in turn, may harm your Fallopian tubes, especially the part that attaches the uterus to the ovaries and render you infertile.
With the uncured Chlamydia virus, you run a higher risk of developing an ectopic pregnancy. (The fertilized egg gets implanted and begins developing out of the uterus). Besides, with the Chlamydia, you run a risk of giving birth to a baby prematurely. There is a possibility of the contagion passing from the mother to the baby. The infection may cause pneumonia or severe eye infection leading to even blindness in the offspring.
- For males:
Chlamydia may develop:
- A urethra NGU contagion (Non-gonococcal urethritis), wherein the tube in females and males for passing urine gets infected.
- Infection in the epididymis (it is a tube for carrying sperm from the testicles to the semen).
- Your rectum gets inflamed (proctitis)
Prevention of Chlamydia Infection
For reducing the Chlamydia infection risks:
Use condoms properly while copulating with a partner.
Restrict the count of your sex partners and stop going and forth between different partners.
Abstinence from sex is the best practice or limiting your sexual relations to one, and, that too, who is free from infection.
In case you suspect you may be infected, stop sexual relations and promptly consult the doctor.
Any kind of symptoms in and around your genital area, like burning sensation or unusual discharge while urinating or an abnormal rash or sore should serve as a signal warning for stopping sexual contact and see your doctor promptly.
In case you have been informed of having Chlamydia infection or any other STD, such as Gonorrhea, that requires treatment, you are advised to inform all your sex partners, who have had sexual contact with you recently. This will help them consulting their doctor promptly.