Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
For conventional pregnancy to occur, the man is supposed to copulate with his female partner and ejaculate his fluid, called semen through his penis, which contains the sperm, into her vagina while her one of the two ovaries releases an egg just about the time of ovulation.
Ovulation is a intricate experience that is controlled by the pituitary gland. Your pituitary gland is located at the brain base. The pituitary gland discharges follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to stimulate follicles in the two ovaries and these follicles start growing.
This flow causes one of the healthiest follicles to rip open and ovulate a mature egg. Once you have ovulated, the egg gets picked up by one of the two Fallopian tubes. As fertilization takes place in one of the two Fallopian tubes, the man’s sperm in the semen are required to healthy enough to swim through your vagina and the mucus in your cervix towards the uterus and then up into your fallopian tube.
For attaining a pregnancy, the sperm in a male’s ejaculated semen must make a way into the egg for fertilizing it. Once the egg is fertilized, it travels to the uterus and gets implanted in the uterine lining. The fertilized egg continues its journey to the uterus and gets implanted in the uterine lining.
And, it goes on to develop as an embryo, then a fetus and eventually a baby to be delivered. In case a woman does not achieve pregnancy even after having medical and surgical treatments, she may have to undergo more compound procedures, called Assited Reproductive Technology under the guidance of a infertility specialist. These procedures may include:
- Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer (GIFT)
- Zygote Intra-Fallopian Transfer (ZIFT)
- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
- In Vitro Fertilization
- Third Party Assisted ART
- Embryo Cryopreservation