In a most advantageous scenario, a female reproductive system ovulates every month. But there arise situations that may cause the lack of ovulation, known as anovulation, during a menstrual cycle. When such a situation happens, you may still presume that the bleeding you experience is your menstrual cycle that comes every month. But if you experience an anovulatory cycle, it may not be exactly called a period.
If you are attempting to attain pregnancy, it is vital to comprehend the anovulatory cycle causes, its diagnosis and treatment options.
What is an anovulatory cycle?
It is common for a female to experience an anovulatory cycle during her prime reproductive age. Even, you might have experienced anovulatory cycle but not observed. That is the reason if a female experiences anovulation, apparently she may still menstruate usually.
In a usual cycle, the generation of progesterone gets activated by an egg release. It is the hormone that helps in maintaining regular periods in a female’s body. But in an anovulatory cycle, an inadequate progesterone level in a female body may cause heavy bleeding. A female often mistakes this kind of bleeding for an authentic period.
Why do females have an anovulatory cycle?
A menstrual cycle sans ovulation is very common in two age groups distinctively:
- Females who just started menstruating:
In the first year after a girl starts menstruating (menarche), she is prone to experiencing anovulatory cycles.
- Females nearing menopause:
Females between the age group of 40 and 50 run a high risk of her hormonal changes leading to anovulatory cycles.
For females in both the age groups, several changes occur in their bodies. Sudden hormonal levels changes may prompt anovulatory cycles. Other causes include:
- Too high or low body weight
- Exercising too much
- Eating behaviors
- Increased stress levels
If you are menstruating between 24 and 35 days every month, there is a likelihood of your normally ovulating.
Diagnosis of anovulation?
If a female does not experience periods or the menstruation has become erratic, the diagnosis of an anovulatory cycle is quite simple. But that may not be the cause for every female.
Luckily, there are several things your doctor may like examining, such as: including:
- The levels of progesterone
- The uterine lining
- The blood test for antibodies’ presence
The results emanating from these examinations may help the doctor in recommending you the best treatment.
In case some outside influences like diet, nutrition and lifestyle habits are affecting your ovulatory cycles, your doctor may suggest you to make changes in them like regulating your eating habits and moderating your physical activities. For giving a kick-start to your ovulation, your doctor may recommend you to balance your body weight, lose or gain as per your doctor’s recommendations.
At times, certain internal imbalances may be causing anovulatory cycles. In such cases, your treating doctor may prescribe fertility medicines. These medicines may help you to combat infertility issues. The formulae of these medicines are intended for ripening the ovarian follicles, increasing the estrogen levels and helping your ovaries to liberate a mature egg.
Surgery is the suggested option in the eventuality of a serious complication, like a tumor, is detected.
If you are experiencing anovulation consistently — recognized by erratic and irregular menstrual cycles varying in length — your doctor may suggest you to make certain changes in your lifestyle. Indulging in exercises, stress relieving activities and better nutrition may work as wonders.
Stick to these changes for a few months at least and closely monitor your monthly cycle to see if they have acquired a consistent pattern.